Living in the Past

Major depressive disorder  is a mental disorder characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities that you normally enjoy, accompanied by an inability to carry out daily activities. Depression is the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide. Current research suggests that depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.  . If you have been experiencing some of the following signs and symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks, you may be suffering from depression.

  • Persistent sad mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, helplessness or worthlessness
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • Isolating
  • Decreased energy or fatigue
  • Moving or talking more slowly
  • Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Decreased appetite or increased appetite, weight loss
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts

Treatment of Depression

  • medication, such as antidepressants
  • referral to a psychologist for counseling, psychotherapy
  • peer support, such as support groups and classes
  • stress management and relaxation training
  • exercise



For more about Mood Disorders :  Bipolar and Bipolar II Disorder

mood disorders 1
Graph of the spectrum of mood Euthymia (normal even mood) Hypomania, Mania, Depression and Mixed episode (having both manic and depressive symptoms